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Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

MR Imaging of Pleural Neoplasms

Although pleural neoplasms may initially be evaluated with computed tomography (CT) and/or fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is complementary to these other imaging modalities for disease staging and evaluation of patients. In this article, we discuss the etiology, clinical presentation, and imaging of pleural neoplasms, with specific attention given to the role of MR imaging.
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FGF2 and EGF induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition in malignant pleural mesothelioma cells via a MAPKinase/MMP1 signal

Moreover, in MPM cells with sarcomatoid morphology, inhibition of FGF/MAP-kinase signaling induced a more epithelioid morphology and gene expression pattern. Our findings suggest a critical role of the MAP-kinase axis in the morphological and behavioral plasticity of mesothelioma.
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Carbon Nanotubes and Other Engineered Nanoparticles Induced Pathophysiology on Mesothelial Cells and Mesothelial Membranes

From a molecular aspect, some nanoparticle categories are shown to be cytotoxic and genotoxic after acute treatment, whereas chronic incubation may lead to malignant-like transformation. At an organism level, a number of fibrous shaped nanotubes are related with features of chronic inflammation and MWCNT-7 is the only type to consistently inflict mesothelioma.
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Malignant cells from pleural fluids in malignant mesothelioma patients reveal novel mutations

CONCLUSION: Short term cultures of tumour cells from MM pleural effusions offer an accessible alternative to surgical tumour biopsies in the study of MM genomics and reveal novel mutations of interest. Pleural effusion tumour cells provide an opportunity for the monitoring of tumour dynamics, treatment response and the clonal evolution of MM tumours.
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A Case of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma with Bone Marrow Metastases

Physicians should consider performing a bone marrow biopsy to diagnose bone marrow metastasis and treat patients with palliative chemotherapy at an earlier phase of the disease. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an MPM patient having bone marrow metastasis with anemia, leukoerythroblastosis, and thrombocytopenia.
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Asbestos Fiber Concentrations in the Lungs of Brake Repair Workers: An Updated Analysis Using Several Regression Methods to Handle Non-Detectable Measurements

06). CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide additional support for the conclusion that exposure to commercial amphibole asbestos, and not chrysotile, is related to the occurrence of mesothelioma among some brake workers.
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What is Mesothelioma?

Learn more about this fatal cancer, including the causes, symptoms, and treatments for both pleural and peritoneal tumors of the mesothelium at our parent site MesotheliomaCenter.

The current aetiology of malignant pleural effusion in the Western Cape Province, South Africa

CONCLUSIONS: The main cause of MPE in our setting was lung cancer, followed by breast cancer, unknown primary and mesothelioma. Chemical pleurodesis was a viable palliative measure for MPE in this population.
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Malignant pleural mesothelioma: diagnostic value of medical thoracoscopy and long-term prognostic analysis

CONCLUSIONS: MT is safe with a high positive rate in the diagnosis of MPM, and pleural adhesion and plaques seen under MT may be the adverse prognostic factors for MPM. Multiple clinical characteristics can affect the survival of MPM patients.
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Randomised controlled trial to compare the diagnostic yield of positron emission tomography CT (PET-CT) TARGETed pleural biopsy versus CT-guided pleural biopsy in suspected pleural malignancy (TARGET trial)

Results of the trial will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at an international conference. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN 14024829; Pre-results.
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Poor Prognostic Factors in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Classified as Pathological Stage IB According to the Eighth Edition TNM Classification

CONCLUSIONS: Independent poor prognostic factors for patients with stage IB MPM patients, allowing subgroups with poorer and more favorable prognoses to be identified. This should help personalize decisions on adjuvant chemotherapy.
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