Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. 2008 Sep-Oct;145(5):447-53.[Article in French] [Link]

Passot G, Cotte E, Brigand C, Beaujard AC, Isaac S, Gilly FN, Glehen O.

Service de chirurgie g̩n̩rale digestive et endocrinienne, centre hospitalier Lyon Sud (CHLS) РLyon.

Abstract

Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare and lethal disease. Locoregional treatments combining cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) seem to improve prognosis.

Methods: Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC was performed in 22 patients at the Centre Hospitalier-Lyon Sud between 1989 and 2006. A retrospective analysis of survival was carried out to assess clinical and histological prognostic factors.

Results: Nineteen patients with diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma were included (16 epithelial, 3 biphasic and 3 multicystic forms). Sixteen patients presented stage 3 or 4 peritoneal carcinomatosis according to the Gilly classification. Optimal cytoreductive surgery was performed for 11 patients (complete macroscopic resection or residual tumor nodules less than 2.5mm). No post-operative deaths occurred but 9 patients (47%) presented grade III or IV post-operative complications. The overall median survival was 36.9 months; completeness of cytoreduction was the only significant prognostic factor.

Conclusion: Cytoreductive surgery combined with HIPEC may improve the length of survival for patients with diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma; such patients should be treated in specialized centers.

Keywords: Peritoneal Mesothelioma , Treatment , Cytoreductive surgery , Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy