Annals of Surgical Oncology. 2006 Feb;13(2):229-37. Epub 2006 Jan 18. [Link]
Marcello Deraco1, Daisuke Nonaka2, Dario Baratti2, PaoloCasali3, Juan Rosai2, Rami Younan1, 4, Andreola Salvatore2, Antonello D. Cabras AD2 and Shigeki Kusamura1, 5
(1) Department of Surgery, National Cancer Institute, Via Venezian, 1, 20133, Milan, Italy
(2) Department of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy
(3) Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy
(4) Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de l’Universitï¿½ de Montreal, University of Montreal Health Center, Montreal, Canada
(5) Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, School of Medical Science, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
Background: Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) is a subset of peritoneal mesothelioma with a poor clinical outcome. We performed a prognostic analysis in a cohort of DMPM patients treated homogeneously by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP).
Methods: Forty-nine DMPM patients who underwent 52 consecutive procedures were enrolled onto the study. Cytoreductive surgery was performed according to the peritonectomy technique, and the IPHP was performed with cisplatin plus doxorubicin or cisplatin plus mitomycin C. We assessed the correlation of the clinicopathologic variables (previous surgical score, age, sex, performance status, previous systemic chemotherapy, carcinomatosis extension, completeness of cytoreduction, IPHP drug schedule, mitotic count [MC], nuclear grade, and biological markers [epidermal growth factor receptor, p16, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9]) with overall and progression-free survival.
Results: The mean age was 52 years (range, 22–74 years). The mean follow-up was 20.3 months (range, 1–89 months). Regarding the biological markers, the rates of immunoreactivity of epidermal growth factor receptor, p16, matrix metalloproteinase 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 were 94%, 60%, 100%, and 85%, respectively. The strongest factors influencing overall survival were completeness of cytoreduction and MC, whereas those for progression-free survival were performance status and MC. No biological markers were shown to be of prognostic value.
Conclusions: Completeness of cytoreduction, performance status, and MC seem to be the best determinants of outcome. These data warrant confirmation by a further prospective formal trial. No biological markers presented a significant correlation with the outcome. The overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor, matrix metalloproteinase 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 and absent or reduced expression of p16 might be related to the underlining tumor kinetics of DMPM and warrant further investigation with other methods.
Keywords: Peritoneal mesothelioma – Locoregional therapy – Prognosis – Biological markers