Predictive potential of MRI in differentiating the predominant component in biphasic pleural mesothelioma

European Journal of Radiology 2024 May 26 [Link]

Ritu R Gill, William G Richards, Hillary Heiling, Emanuele Mazzola, Yin P Hung, Ravi T Seethamraju, Lucian R Chirieac, Raphael Bueno


Purpose: To assess the potential of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values derived from diffusion weighted (DW) MRI preoperatively to predict the predominant histologic component among biphasic pleural mesothelioma (PM) tumors.

Methods: ADC maps were generated from DW MRI scans. Histology and predominant component of biphasic PM were confirmed following surgical resection. Statistical analyses were done with R (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria). Average ADC values corresponding to epithelioid- and sarcomatoid-predominant tumors were compared. ADC thresholding was accomplished by recursive partitioning and confirmed with ROC analysis.

Results: Eighty-four patients with biphasic PM’s, 69 (82 %) epithelioid-predominant (BE) and 15(18 %) sarcomatoid-predominant (BS) tumors were evaluated. Thirty-eight (45 %) patients underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), 39 (46 %) had extended pleural decortication (ePDC) and 7 (8 %) had pleural decortication (PDC). ADC values ranged between 0.696 x 10-3 to 1.921 x 10-3 mm2/s. BE tumors demonstrated significantly higher ADC values than BS tumors (p = 0.026). ADC values above 0.94 x 10-3 mm2/s were associated with a significant increase of relative risk of being in group BE over group BS (relative risk: 1.47, 95 %CI: 1.05-2.06, p = 0.027) CONCLUSION: Average ADC values of BE tumors were higher than BS tumors and the two groups can be separated by a cut off value of 0.94 X 10-3 mm2/s.