Cancer Treatment Review 2014 Nov 8 [Epub ahead of print] [Link]

Remon J, Reguart N, Corral J, Lianes P.


Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but aggressive malignancy of the pleura, with a strong causal link to asbestos exposure. MPM incidence has been increasing in recent years and it is not expected to fall off in the next two decades. Prognosis of MPM patients is modest since the vast majority of patients are diagnosed at advanced stage and because platinum-based chemotherapy remains the cornerstone of treatment, with no standard second line treatment. Most current efforts to improve outcomes are based on a better understanding of the stromal compartment and deregulated pathways leading ultimately to the design of clinical trials based on novel therapeutic approaches such as immunotherapy or molecular-directed compounds. This review seeks to update the last clinical trials investigating novel agents in unresectable MPM.