Asbestos-related pleuropulmonary diseases: Pictorial essay

Revista portuguesa de pneumologia. 2005 Sep-Oct;11(5):477-485. [Link]

Gsp M, Ji K, D J, LE N, M TF, Rt R, Ja N, E B, G DI.

Doutor em Radiologia pela Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo – Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP/EPM). Sao Paulo – SP, Brasil.


Pleural and pulmonary asbestos-related diseases range from benign conditions, like pleural effusion and pleural plaques, to some neoplasias, such as lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma. Pleural effusion is the earliest finding after asbestos exposure, but the imaging findings are not specific. Diffuse pleural thickening involves the visceral pleura and pleural plaques are considered to be hallmarks of exposure. Asbestosis is the pulmonary fibrosis due to asbestos. Rounded atelectasis is a peripheral lung collapse in these individuals, generally related to pleural disease. Some neoplasias, like lung carcinoma and pleural mesothelioma, are more prevalent in asbestos-exposed subjects. The aim of this essay is to illustrate the main imaging findings of asbestos-related diseases.