Preoperative assessment and surgical indication for malignant pleural mesothelioma

Kyobu Geka. 2007 Jan;60(1):25-9. [Link]

Okumura Y, Tanaka F, Hasegawa S, Fukuoka K, Nakano T.

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.


The standard surgical procedure for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP). However, high morbidity and mortality rates have been reported in patients who received EPP, whereas survival rates after EPP remain unsatisfactory. Thus, a carefully and precise preoperative assessment to select appropriate candidates for EPP is essential in patients with MPM, and we conducted a surgical staging with laparoscopy, mediastinoscopy and contralateral thoracoscopy for potentially resectable MPM patients. Among 5 consective patients who received the preoperative surgical staging during past 10 months, 1 patient was judged not to be a surgical candidate due to the presence of contralateral pleural metastasis. In conclusion, this surgical staging is a useful preoperative evaluation to prevent an unnecessary operation.