Anticancer Research 2019 November [Link]
Kuroda A, Matsumoto S, Fukuda A, Nakamichi T, Nakamura A, Hashimoto M, Takuwa T, Kondo N, Tsujimura T, Nakano T, Hasegawa S
We performed multimodality therapy comprising preoperative chemotherapy, extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), and radiation therapy for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Although multimodality therapy resulted in good prognosis, further improvement is required. Therefore, herein, we analysed the prognostic factors using surgical specimens and searched for suitable molecular targets to improve the prognosis after multidisciplinary treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
Forty-six patients with MPM underwent multimodality therapy. Paraffin-embedded surgical samples were used for immunohistochemistry to evaluate the expression of phosphorylated (p-) AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), and S6 ribosomal protein (S6RP).
On univariate and multivariate analyses, significant differences were observed according to the histological type, pathological stage, and p-mTOR expression rate.
The prognosis of MPM is affected by p-mTOR expression, suggesting that molecular-targeted treatment might be used during multimodal therapy for MPM.