Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2016 February 22 [Epub ahead of print] [Link]
Gupta A, Hussein Z, Hassan R, Wustner J, Maltzman JD, Wallin BA.
To characterize amatuximab pharmacokinetics (PK) and the relationship of amatuximab exposure with response in patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) receiving amatuximab with pemetrexed and cisplatin.
A nonlinear mixed effects PK model was built using data from all of the amatuximab studies conducted to date. Patients received amatuximab alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The influence of demographic, laboratory and disease characteristics on PK parameters was assessed. Exposure-response analyses explored relationships between amatuximab exposure and overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Alternative amatuximab dosing regimens were explored with simulations using population PK and parametric survival models.
Amatuximab PK was best described by a two-compartment model with parallel linear and nonlinear elimination pathways. Body weight and an antidrug antibodies reaction with the titer >64 affected volume of distribution and clearance, respectively. Exposure-response analyses demonstrated that the amatuximab exposure (C min) showed a significant effect on OS (log-rank test, P = 0.0202). For patients with amatuximab C min above the median (38.2 μg/mL), the median OS was 583 days (90 % CI 418 -NE). For patients with C min ≤ 38.2 μg/mL, the median OS was 375 days (90 % CI 325-486). The amatuximab exposure showed similar significant effect on PFS. Exposure-response analysis for adverse events did not reveal any relationship.
In patients with MPM, higher amatuximab exposure in combination with chemotherapy was shown to be associated with longer OS, supporting evaluation of more frequent dosing in future trials to achieve higher exposure and subsequently longer OS.