Rozhledy V Chirurgii Fall 2020 [Link]

M Szkorupa, D Klos, J Chudacek, J Hanuliak, M Stasek, O Fischer, R Lemstrov√°

Abstract

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is one of the most aggressive malignancies with a very poor prognosis. Multimodal treatment consisting of three modalities – chemotherapy, radiotherapy and cytoreductive surgery is optimal. The use of new therapeutic modalities, such as hyperthermic intraoperative intrapleural chemotherapy or photodynamic therapy can improve the current results of mesothelioma treatment. Combined hyperthermic intraoperative chemotherapy and cytoreductive surgery as part of multimodal therapy of malignant mesothelioma has been used since 2017 at the 1st Department of Surgery of University Hospital Olomouc. The authors report the case of a 47-year-old man with malignant epithelioid mesothelioma of the left pleural cavity. Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, this patient underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy with intraoperative intracavitary hyperthermic chemotherapy. The postoperative period was complicated by circulatory instability and later by tension fluidothorax with signs of heart failure. Currently, 8 months have elapsed from the surgery and the patient remains without any signs of recurrence.