Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 March 19. [Epub ahead of print] [Link]
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, 663-8501, Japan.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is associated with a very poor prognosis. Unlike other solid tumors, any type of planned surgery for MPM would be cytoreductive rather than radical. There are two types of surgery for MPM. Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) involves en bloc resection of the lung, pleura, pericardium, and diaphragm. Pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) is a lung-sparing surgery that removes only parietal/visceral pleura. In comparison with EPP, P/D is theoretically less radical but is associated with less perioperative mortality/morbidity and less postoperative deterioration of cardiopulmonary function. It still remains unclear which surgical technique is superior in terms of the risk/benefit ratio. In this context, selection between EPP and P/D has been a matter to debate.