Carcinogenicity and Chronic Toxicity in Rats and Mice Exposed by Inhalation to 1,2-Dichloroethane for Two Years

Journal of Occupational Health. Vol. 48 (2006) , No. 6 424-436 [Link]

Kasuke Nagano1, Yumi Umeda11, Hideki Senoh1, Kaoru Gotoh1, Heihachiro Arito1, Seigo Yamamoto1 and Taijiro Matsushima1

1) Japan Bioassay Research Center, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association

Received February 9, 2006; Accepted July 4, 2006


Carcinogenicity and chronic toxicity of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) were examined by inhalation exposure of groups of 50 F344 rats and 50 BDF1 mice of both sexes to DCE vapor or clean air as control for 6 h/d, 5 d/wk and 104 wk. The rats were exposed to 10, 40 or 160 ppm (v/v) DCE, while the mice were exposed to 10, 30 or 90 ppm. The 2-yr exposure to DCE produced a dose-dependent increase in incidences of benign and malignant tumors, including subcutaneous fibroma, mammary gland fibroadenoma and peritoneal mesothelioma in male rats; subcutaneous fibroma and mammary gland adenoma, fibroadenoma and adenocarcinoma in female rats; and bronchiolo-alveolar adenoma and carcinoma, endometrial stromal polyp, mammary gland adenocarcinoma and hepatocellular adenoma in female mice. No exposure-related change in the incidence of non-neoplastic lesions or in any hematological, blood biochemical or urinary parameter occurred in any DCE-exposed rat or mouse group. The types of tumors and their target organs found in this study were consistent with those observed in rats and mice administered DCE by gavage in a NCI study. Selection of the exposure concentrations was considered appropriate with reference to the maximum tolerated dose for the highest doses and an occupational exposure limit of DCE for the lowest dose. The present findings suggest that those carcinogenic responses be primarily considered for standard setting of occupational and environmental exposure to DCE.

Key words: 1,2-Dichloroethane, Inhalation, Carcinogenicity, Rat, Mouse, Chronic toxicity