Virchows Archiv 2021 April 14 [Link]

Nazim Benzerdjeb, Peggy Dartigues, Vahan Kepenekian, Séverine Valmary-Degano, Eliane Mery, Gerlinde Avérous, Anne Chevallier, Marie-Hélène Laverriere, Irène Villa, Olivier Harou, Françoise Galateau Sallé, Laurent Villeneuve, Olivier Glehen, Sylvie Isaac 8, Juliette Hommell-Fontaine, Frédéric Bibeau

Abstract

Epithelioid mesothelioma is the most prevalent subtype of diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. The relationship between a strong adaptive immune response and a better prognosis in malignant solid tumors is widely known. Due to the low incidence of epithelioid malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (EMPM), very little is known about their immune micro-environment. We encountered several cases of tertiary lymphoid structures in EMPM in a previous study and aimed to investigate in the same series the prevalence, clinicopathological features, and the prognostic impact associated with tertiary lymphoid structures in EMPM (TLS-EMPM). Cases of EMPM, from 1995 to 2018, were retrieved from 7 French institutions from the RENAPE Network. The predictions in terms of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of TLS-EMPM were analyzed. We report 52 cases of TLS-EMPM among a series of 138 cases of EMPM. TLS-EMPM was significantly associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and was not a prognostic indicator for OS (p = 0.652) and PFS (p = 0.804) in our series. TLS is a component of the host immune response to EMPM significantly associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, but was not a predictor of prognosis for overall and progression-free survivals in this series. These findings provide another possible etiology for tertiary lymphoid structures.