Oncology Letters 2019 March [Link]
Kai Y, Tsutani Y, Tsubokawa N, Ito M, Mimura T, Miyata Y, Okada M
The present study analyzed surgical results in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) who underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) or pleurectomy/decortication (P/D). Data for 44 patients who achieved macroscopic complete resection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by EPP (n=29) or P/D (n=15) were reviewed. Patient demographics and oncological outcomes were compared between the EPP and P/D groups. The median overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) times were 22 and 14 months, respectively. OS was significantly different between the EPP and P/D groups (median OS, 17 vs. 34 months; 5-year OS, 11 vs. 44%; P=0.019); no difference was noted in PFS (median PFS, 13 vs. 21 months; 5-year PFS, 11 vs. 17%; P=0.373). Univariate analysis demonstrated that epithelial histology (P=0.0003) and P/D (P=0.018) were significant favorable prognostic factors for OS. Using multivariate analysis, epithelial histology (P=0.001) remained the only significant factor. Post-recurrence survival (PRS) among all patients was significantly longer in the P/D group (median PRS, 3 vs. 20 months; 1.5-year PRS, 5 vs. 54%; P=0.003), even among patients with epithelial-type MPM (median PRS, 6 s vs. 20 months; 1.5-year PRS, 8 vs. 61%; P=0.012). Chemotherapy following recurrence (P=0.033) was significantly associated with superior PRS in multivariate analysis. Postoperative pulmonary function was significantly improved in the P/D group. In summary, P/D may be an alternative procedure to EPP for resectable MPM providing similar PFS and improved PRS.