Moderately Hypofractionated Helical IMRT, FDG-PET/CT-guided, for Progressive Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma in Patients With Intact Lungs.

Clinical Lung Cancer 2018 September 3 [Link]

Fodor A1, Broggi S2, Incerti E3, Dell’Oca I4, Fiorino C2, Samanes Gajate AM3, Pasetti M4, Cattaneo MG2, Passoni P4, Gianolli L3, Calandrino R2, Picchio M, Di Mu


The objective of this study was to present the outcomes of moderately hypofractionated helical intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HT) with/without simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) on fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) positive areas (gross tumor volume [GTV]-PET) for patients with progressive malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) after previous treatments.
From May 2006 to April 2014, 51 patients with a median age of 68.8 years (range, 38.6-82 years) were treated. There were 41 men and 10 women; 43 epithelioid MPM and 8 sarcomatoid, involving the left pleura in 25 patients and the right pleura in 26 patients. The initial stage was: I, 11 patients; II, 14 patients; III, 17 patients; and IV, 9 patients. Chemotherapy was prescribed for 46 patients, for 6 cycles (range, 0-18 cycles). Eighteen patients had pleurectomy/decortication, and 33 had talc pleurodesis. FDG-PET was used for target identification. A median dose of 56 Gy/25 fractions was prescribed to the involved pleura, and SIB to 62.5 Gy to GTV-PET was added in 38 patients.
The median survival from diagnosis was 25.8 months (range, 8.4-99.0 months). One patient, treated with SIB, was alive at the October 2017 follow-up. Two cases of grade 5 radiation pneumonitis were registered. A GTV-PET ≤ 205 cc was predictive of late ≥ grade 2 lung toxicity, but also of better survival in stage III and IV disease: 5.9 versus 11.7 months (P = .04). A GTV-PET ≥ 473 cc was predictive of early death (P = .001).
Moderately hypofractionated, FDG-PET guided salvage HT in patients with progressive MPM after previous treatments showed acceptable toxicity and outcome results similar to adjuvant radiotherapy after pleurectomy/decortication, suggesting that the delay of radiotherapy is not detrimental to survival, and has the associated benefit of postponing inherent toxicity.zio N