Incidence and Risk Factors of Chest Wall Metastasis at Biopsy Sites in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Cancers 2022 September 7 [Link]

Masaki Hashimoto, Michiko Yuki, Kazuhiro Kitajima, Akihiro Fukuda, Toru Nakamichi, Akifumi Nakamura, Ayumi Kuroda, Seiji Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Kondo, Ayuko Sato, Koichiro Yamakado, Tohru Tsujimura, Seiki Hasegawa


To investigate the incidence and risk factors of chest wall metastasis (CWM) at biopsy sites in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This retrospective cohort study was conducted in 262 consecutive MPM patients who underwent multimodal treatment in which including neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and curative-intent surgery, from August 2009 to March 2021. CWM was evaluated radiologically (r-CWM) and pathologically (p-CWM). We also investigated the risk factors of p-CWM and the consistency between r-CWM and p-CWM. Of 262 patients, 25 patients were excluded from analysis due to missing data or impossibility of evaluation. Of the eligible 237 patients, pleural biopsy was performed via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in 197 (83.1%) and medical thoracoscopy in 40 (16.9%). Pleurodesis was performed after pleural biopsy in 74 patients (31.2%). All patients received NAC followed by curative-intent surgery. Radiological examination showed r-CWM in 43 patients (18.1%), while pathological examination showed p-CWM in 135 patients (57.0%). The incidence of p-CWM was significantly higher in the patients who received pleurodesis after pleural biopsy (77.0% vs. 47.9%, <0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis for p-CWM revealed that pleurodesis is an independent risk factor of p-CWM (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.84-6.52, <0.001). CWM at the biopsy site was pathologically proven in more than half of the patients (57.0%) who received NAC followed by curative-intent surgery, which was higher than the numbers diagnosed by radiological examinations (p-CWM: 57.0% vs. r-CWM: 18.1%). Pleurodesis after pleural biopsy is an independent risk factor of p-CWM.