Establishment and histopathological study of patient-derived xenograft models and primary cell lines of epithelioid malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

Experimental Animals 2021 January 21 [Link]

Zhi-Ran Yang, Zhi-Gao Chen, Zhong-He Ji, Yu-Lin Lin, Jue Zhang, Ru Ma, Zhao Li, Xi Jiang, Qian Chen, Xue-Mei DU, Yan Li


Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare malignancy with few experimental models. This study used the human surgical specimen to establish MPM patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models and primary cell lines to provide a study platform for MPM in vitro and in vivo, and conducted histopathological analysis. Our study used the experimental peritoneal cancer index (ePCI) score to evaluate gross pathology, and the results showed that the ePCI score of the female and male nude mice were 8.80 ± 1.75 and 9.20 ± 1.81 (P=0.6219), respectively. The Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining of animal models showed that the tumor was epithelioid mesothelioma and invaded multiple organs. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining showed that Calretinin, Cytokeratin 5/6, WT-1 and Ki-67 were all positive. The Swiss-Giemsa and Immunofluorescence (IF) staining of primary cell lines were also consistent with the pathological characteristics of mesothelioma. We also performed the whole-exome sequencing (WES) to identify the mutant genes between models and the patient. And the results showed that 21 mutant genes were shared between the two groups, and the genes related to tumorigenesis and development including BAP1, NF2, MTBP, NECTIN2, CDC23, LRPPRC, TRIM25, and DHRS2. In conclusion, the PDX models and primary cell lines of MPM were successfully established with the epithelioid mesothelioma identity confirmed by histopathological evidence. Moreover, our study has also illustrated the shared genomic profile between models and the patient.