Efficacy and safety of nivolumab with ipilimumab for recurrent malignant pleural mesothelioma after primary surgical intervention

International Journal of Clinical Oncology 2023 January 7 [Link]

Akifumi Nakamura, Masaki Hashimoto, Nobuyuki Kondo, Seiji Matsumoto, Ayumi Kuroda, Toshiyuki Minami, Kazuhiro Kitajima, Kozo Kuribayashi, Takashi Kijima, Seiki Hasegawa


Background: Treatment of recurrent malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) remains challenging. Our study examined the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of nivolumab with ipilimumab treatment for recurrent MPM after primary curative-intent surgery.

Methods: Treatment comprised 360 mg nivolumab every 3 weeks and 1 mg/kg of ipilimumab every 6 weeks, both administered intravenously. Both were discontinued for progressive disease or serious adverse events (AEs). Additional post-treatment data were evaluated, including objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), post-treatment survival, progression-free survival (PFS), and AEs. Tumor response was assessed using the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1). Survival analysis was estimated using a Kaplan-Meier plot. Feasibility analysis was performed using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for AEs version 5.0.

Results: Forty-one patients received nivolumab with ipilimumab for recurrent MPM after primary curative-intent surgery (median follow-up, 10.4 months; median treatment, 5.1 months). Overall, 18 patients exhibited partial response, 13 exhibited stable disease, and 10 had documented progressive disease. ORR and DCR were 43.9 and 75.6%, respectively. The 12-month post-treatment survival rate and PFS rate were 74.2 and 40.0%, respectively (median survival, not calculated; median PFS, 7.3 months). Further, 47 AEs were reported in 29 patients (70.7%), including grade 3-4 AEs in 14 patients (34.1%). Grade 4 hepatobiliary disorders were observed in 2 patients and grade 4 neutropenia was observed in 1.

Conclusion: Nivolumab with ipilimumab treatment in patients with recurrent MPM after primary surgical treatment may be clinically efficacious, although serious AEs may be frequently observed.