Effects of pharmacological primary cilium disturbance in the context of in vitro 2D and 3D malignant pleura mesothelioma

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2023 April 30 [Link]

Rajesh M Jagirdar, Eleanna Pitaraki, Ourania S Kotsiou, Erasmia Rouka, Sotirios I Sinis, Charalampos Varsamas, Periklis Marnas, Elpiniki Stergiopoulou, Anastasios Giannou, Chrissi Hatzoglou, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Sotirios G Zarogiannis


Introduction: Primary cilium (PC) is a single non-motile antenna-like organelle composed of a microtubule core axon originating from the mother centriole of the centrosome. The PC is universal in all mammalian cells and protrudes to the extracellular environment receiving mechanochemical cues that it transmits in the cell.

Aim: To investigate the role of PC in mesothelial malignancy in the context of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) phenotypes.

Materials and methods: The effect of pharmacological deciliation [using ammonium sulphate (AS) or chloral hydrate (CH)] and PC elongation [using lithium chloride (LC)] on cell viability, adhesion, and migration (2D cultures) as well as in mesothelial sphere formation, spheroid invasion and collagen gel contraction (3D cultures) was investigated in benign mesothelial MeT-5A cells and in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cell lines, M14K (epithelioid) and MSTO (biphasic), and primary malignant pleural mesothelioma cells (pMPM).

Results: Pharmacological deciliation or elongation of the PC significantly affected cell viability, adhesion, migration, spheroid formation, spheroid invasion and collagen gel contraction in MeT-5A, M14K, MSTO cell lines and in pMPM cells compared to controls (no drug treatment).

Conclusions: Our findings indicate a pivotal role of the PC in functional phenotypes of benign mesothelial cells and MPM cells.