Comparison of the role of 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography and 68 Ga-labeled FAP inhibitor-04 PET/CT in patients with malignant mesothelioma

Nuclear Medicine Communications 2023 April 28 [Link]

Yunus Güzel, Halil Kömek, Canan Can, İhsan Kaplan, Ferat Kepenek, Senar Ebinç, Mehmet Perver Büyükdeniz, Cihan Gündoğan, Zeynep Oruç


Objective: In this study, we aimed to compare the role of 68 Ga-labeled FAP inhibitor ( 68 Ga-FAPI)-04 PET/computed tomography (CT) and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose ( 18 F-FDG) PET/CT in the evaluation of primary tumor and metastases in patients diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma.

Materials and methods: Our prospective study included 21 patients with histopathological diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma who underwent both 68 Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT and 18 F-FDG PET/CT imaging between April 2022 and September 2022. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis, tumor-to-background ratio (TBR) and highest SUVpeak (HPeak) values and lesion numbers were calculated from primary and metastatic lesions on FDG and FAPI PET/CT images. Findings obtained from FAPI and FDG PET/CT were compared.

Results: More lesions were detected in 68 Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT compared to 18 F-FDG PET/CT in primary tumor and lymph node metastases. Statistically significantly higher SUVmax and TBR values were found with FAPI PET/CT (primary lesion SUVmax and TBR, P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively; lymph node SUVmax and TBR, P = 0.016 and P = 0.005, respectively). With FAPI PET/CT, upstage was observed according to tumor-node-metastasis staging in a total of seven patients including three patients with pleural origin, three patients with peritoneal origin and one patient with pericardial origin.

Conclusion: In addition to the stage change with 68 Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT in malignant mesothelioma patients, a statistically significant superiority was observed in SUVmax, TBR and volumetric parameters in primary tumors and metastases.