CHST4 Gene as a Potential Predictor of Clinical Outcome in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2024 February 14 [Link]

Shoji Okado, Taketo Kato, Yuki Hanamatsu, Ryo Emoto, Yoshito Imamura, Hiroki Watanabe, Yuta Kawasumi, Yuka Kadomatsu, Harushi Ueno, Shota Nakamura, Tetsuya Mizuno, Tamotsu Takeuchi, Shigeyuki Matsui, Toyofumi Fengshi Chen-Yoshikawa


Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) develops primarily from asbestos exposures and has a poor prognosis. In this study, The Cancer Genome Atlas was used to perform a comprehensive survival analysis, which identified the CHST4 gene as a potential predictor of favorable overall survival for patients with MPM. An enrichment analysis of favorable prognostic genes, including CHST4, showed immune-related ontological terms, whereas an analysis of unfavorable prognostic genes indicated cell-cycle-related terms. CHST4 mRNA expression in MPM was significantly correlated with Bindea immune-gene signatures. To validate the relationship between CHST4 expression and prognosis, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of CHST4 protein expression in 23 surgical specimens from surgically treated patients with MPM who achieved macroscopic complete resection. The score calculated from the proportion and intensity staining was used to compare the intensity of CHST4 gene expression, which showed that CHST4 expression was stronger in patients with a better postoperative prognosis. The median overall postoperative survival was 107.8 months in the high-expression-score group and 38.0 months in the low-score group (p = 0.044, log-rank test). Survival after recurrence was also significantly improved by CHST4 expression. These results suggest that CHST4 is useful as a prognostic biomarker in MPM.