Oncoimmunology 2015 March [Link]
Ujiie H, Kadota K, Nitadori JI, Aerts JG, Woo KM, Sima CS, Travis WD, Jones DR, Krug LM, Adusumilli PS.
Antitumor immune responses against solid malignancies correlate with improved patient survival. We conducted a comprehensive investigation of immune responses in tumor and tumor-associated stroma in epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma with the goal of characterizing the tumor immune microenvironment and identifying prognostic immune markers. We investigated 8 types of tumor-infiltrating immune cells within the tumor nest and tumor-associated stroma, as well as tumor expression of 5 cytokine/chemokine receptors in 230 patients. According to univariate analyses, high densities of tumoral CD4- and CD20-expressing lymphocytes were associated with better outcomes. High expression of tumor interleukin-7 (IL-7) receptor was associated with worse outcomes. According to multivariate analyses, stage and tumoral CD20 detection were independently associated with survival. Analysis of single immune cell infiltration for CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages did not correlate with survival. However, analysis of immunologically relevant cell combinations identified that: (1) high CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages and low CD8+ lymphocyte infiltration had worse prognosis than other groups and (2) low CD163+ tumor associated macrophages and high CD20+ lymphocyte infiltration had better prognosis than other groups. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that CD163/CD8 and CD163/CD20 were independent prognostic factors of survival. With a recent increase in immunotherapy investigations and clinical trials for malignant pleural mesothelioma patients, our observations that CD20+ B lymphocytes and tumor-associated macrophages are prognostic markers provide important information about the tumor microenvironment of malignant pleural mesothelioma.