The Predictive Value of ERCC1, RRM1, and Thymidylate Synthase in Advanced Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Patients Treated with Platinum-Based Chemotherapy
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2023 January 1 [Link]
Nagwa Ismail Wahba, Ola Khorshid, Fatma Abo Elkasem, Abeer Bahnassy, Rabab Gaafer
Background: A rare yet severe neoplasia called malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) typically manifests itself in advanced stages. Despite some improvements in the treatment of patients with MPM, this malignancy continues to have a detrimental prognosis . The primary goal of the present study was to assess the associatin between ERCC1, RRM1, and thymidylate synthase (TS) expression and disease outcome in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) treated with either pemetrexed plus cisplatin or gemcitabine plus cisplatin.
Methods: This prospective cohort study was done on ninety-one advanced MPM patients. The patients received either pemetrexed plus platinum (55 of 91) or gemcitabine plus platinum chemotherapy (36 of 91). Tissue biopsy was taken at time of diagnosis. Immunohistochemistry was used to assess the levels of ERCC1, RRM1, and TS transcription in tissue biopsies (paraffin embedded).
Results: Based on the findings, 70% of patients with low expression of TS had low expression of ERCC1, and 68% of patients with high expression of TS had high expression of ERCC1, suggesting a significat association between ERCC1 expression and TS expression (p=0.005). However, there was no relation between ERCC1 and RRM1 expression patterns (p= 0.296). In patients underwen platinum-based theraphy (n 91), a significant correlation was detected between low ERCC1 median High-scoring and longer progression time (TTP;9.6 v 5.3 months;P< .001) or overall survival (OS) (OS;18.1 v 9.1 months; P<0.001). A significant correlation was found between low TS protein expression and longer time progression (TTP; 11.8 v 5.4 months; P< .001) or OS (OS; 19.8 v 8.5 months; P <0.001) in patients undergoing pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (n 55). Low RRM1 expression was accompanied by high progression free survival (TTP; 10.6 v 3.8 months) and OS (OS; 20.6 v 8.6 months) in patients receiving gemcitabine plus platinum chemotherapy. Based on the multivariate test results, the independent variables significantly affecting OS were tumor stage (HR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.1-4.9; p= 0.021) and ERCC1 (HR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.7-4.3; p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Decreased TS protein expression can be indicative of greater responsiveness to pemetrexed and of longer TTP and OS in individuals with advanced MPM (locally progressed or metastatic) who are receiving pemetrexed-based chemotherapy. Low ERCC1 expressions in individuals with advanced MPM can predict increased PFS and OS, as well as a better responsivness to platinum-based chemotherapy. In patients with progressed MPM receiving gemcitabine plus cisplatin chemotherapy, lower RRM1 expression was associated with a better prognosis, longer PFS, and longer OS.