Targeting Tie-2/angiopoietin axis in experimental mesothelioma confers differential responses and raises predictive implications.

Oncotarget 2018 April 24 [Link]

Magkouta S, Pappas A, Pateras IS, Kollintza A, Moschos C, Vazakidou ME, Karavana V, Gorgoulis VG, Kalomenidis I


Malignant pleural mesothelioma is resistant to currently used treatment. Angiopoieitn-1 directly promotes mesothelioma cell growth in a Tie-2-dependent fashion. Angiopoietin/Tie-2 axis may thus be valid targets for therapeutic interventions against mesothelioma. We hypothesized that a soluble angiopoietin inhibitor (Murine Tek-deltaFc) would halt mesothelioma progression in vivo by enhancing mesothelioma cell proliferation and inhibiting tumor angiogenesis. Our hypothesis was challenged on two syngeneic mesothelioma in vivo models (AB1 cells-Balb/c mice and AE17 cells-C57BL/6 mice. Even though both mesothelioma cell lines express the Angiopoietin-1/-2 and Tie-2, murine Tek-deltaFc hampered AB1 but not AE17 mesothelioma growth in vivo by enhancing tumor cell apoptosis and limiting tumor angiogenesis. Neither angiopoietins (Angs)-1 and -2 nor the inhibitor affected mesothelioma cell growth in vitro. AB1 (responding) tumors were more vascularized and displayed higher endothelial Tie-2 and lower tumor Ang-1 expression than the (non-responding) AE17 tumors. Angiopoietins-1 and -2 are expressed in tumors and pleural cavity of mesothelioma patients demonstrating the clinical relevance of our experimental observations. In conclusion, disrupting Ang-Tie-2 signaling limits mesothelioma angiogenesis and halts tumor progression. Tumor vascularity, endothelial Tie-2 expression and tumor Ang-1 expression may predict mesothelioma response to Tek-deltaFc.