Anticancer Research. 2007 Nov-Dec;27(6B):4239-42. [Link]

Uematsu K, Seki N, Seto T, Isoe C, Tsukamoto H, Mikami I, You L, He B, Xu Z, Jablons DM, Eguchi K.

Division of Clinical Oncology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan.


Background: We have previously found that Wnt signaling is activated in mesothelioma cells. To clarify the effect of blocking Wnt signaling in mesothelioma, the expression of dishevelled (Dvl), an intermediator of Wnt signaling, was down-regulated by a reformed type of small interfering RNA (siRNA), stealth RNAi, which can reduce the cytotoxic interferon response unlike conventional siRNA.

Materials and Methods: Mesothelioma cell lines were transfected with stealth RNAi of Dvl, and cell growth and colony formation were examined. The synergistic effect on cell growth of Dvl stealth RNAi and cisplatin in combination was evaluated.

Results: Dvl stealth RNAi down-regulated the expression of Dvl-3 in mesothelioma cells and induced cell cycle aberration which caused suppression of cell growth. Colony formation was also suppressed. Dvl stealth RNAi and cisplatin in combination suppressed cell growth synergistically.

Conclusion: Our data suggest that inhibition of Wnt signaling leads to significant antitumor effects.