European Journal of Radiology 2017 January [Epub 2016 November] [Link]

Kitajima K, Doi H, Kuribayashi K, Hashimoto M, Tsuchitani T, Tanooka M, Fukushima K, Nakano T, Hasegawa S, Hirota S


To investigate the relationships between pretreatment volume-based quantitative 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) parameters and overall survival (OS) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM).
We retrospectively reviewed data from 201 MPM patients, of whom 38 underwent surgical resection, and calculated the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), including primary tumors and nodal or distant metastatic lesions, on pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT. Relationships between clinicopathological factors (age, sex, performance status, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] score, histological subtype, TNM stage, and treatment strategy), volume-based quantitative PET/CT parameters, and OS were evaluated using a Cox proportional hazards model and log-rank test.
The median follow-up was 15 months (range, 1-96 months; median, 17 months). In a univariate analysis of all patients, older age (p<0.05), high EORTC score (p<0.001), non-epithelioid histological subtype (p<0.001), high T stage (p<0.001), positive N/M status (p<0.05, p<0.001), advanced TNM stage (p<0.001), non-surgical treatment (p<0.001), and high SUVmax (p<0.001), MTV (p<0.001), or TLG (p<0.001) were associated with significantly shorter OS. A multivariate analysis confirmed non-epithelioid subtype (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-2.48; p<0.05), non-surgical treatment (HR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.34-0.95; p<0.05), and high TLG (HR: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.14-3.44; p<0.05) as independent negative predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment volume-based quantitative 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters, especially TLG, could serve as potential surrogate markers for MPM prognosis.