Oncology Letters 2021 July [Link]

Masatoshi Kanayama, Rintaro Oyama, Masataka Mori, Akihiro Taira, Shinji Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Kazue Yoneda, Koji Kuroda, Takashi Ohnaga, Yukinari Kato, Fumihiro Tanaka

Abstract

In our previous study, a microfluidic system was developed based on podoplanin detection for capturing circulating tumor cells (CTCs), derived from malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, non-epithelioid MPM shows low podoplanin protein expression compared with that in epithelioid MPM; thus, some CTC populations may be missed. To overcome this limitation, a new CTC-detection chip was developed by combining the conventional podoplanin antibody (clone: NZ-1.2) with an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted antibody (cetuximab). The cell-capture efficiency of the Cocktail-chip reached 100% in all the histological MPM cell lines. The median CTC-counts from 19 patients with MPM (epithelioid/non-epithelioid: 10/9) with the NZ-1.2- and Cocktail-chips were 1 and 3 (P=0.311) in 1 ml peripheral blood, 1.5 and 2 (P=0.332) in epithelioid MPM, and 1 and 3 (P=0.106) in non-epithelioid MPM, respectively. Overall, the Cocktail-chip showed an improved ability to detect more CTCs in patients with non-epithelioid MPM compared with that in the conventional NZ-1.2-chip, showing non-significant, but higher CTC detection. Furthermore, CTC-counts, determined using the Cocktail-chip were significantly correlated with the clinical stage of non-epithelioid MPM. In epithelioid MPM, the Cocktail-chip achieved a CTC-detection efficiency equivalent to that in the conventional NZ-1.2-chip. The Cocktail-chip enabled sensitive CTC detection of all histological MPM, including the non-epithelioid subtype, which may provide a foundation for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of MPM progression.