Disease Markers 2017 [Epub 2017 September 12] [Link]
Štrbac D, Goričar K, Dolžan V, Kovač V
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare disease with a relatively short overall survival (OS). Metalloproteinases (MMPs) have a vast biological effect on tumor progression, invasion, metastasis formation, and apoptosis. MMP expression was previously associated with survival in MPM. Our aim was to evaluate if genetic variability of MMP genes could also serve as a prognostic biomarker in MPM.
We genotyped 199 MPM patients for ten polymorphisms: rs243865, rs243849 and rs7201, in MMP2; rs17576, rs17577, rs20544, and rs2250889 in MMP9; and rs1042703, rs1042704, and rs743257 in MMP14. We determined the influence on survival using Cox regression.
Carriers of polymorphic MMP9 rs2250889 allele had shorter time to progression (TTP) (6.07 versus 10.03 months, HR = 2.45, 95% CI = 1.45-4.14, p = 0.001) and OS (9.23 versus 19.2 months, HR = 2.39, 95% CI = 1.37-4.18, p = 0.002). In contrast, carriers of at least one polymorphic MMP9 rs20544 allele had longer TTP (10.93 versus 9.40 months, HR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.38-0.86 p = 0.007) and OS (20.67 versus 13.50 months, HR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.37-0.85, p = 0.007). MMP14 rs1042703 was associated with nominally shorter TTP (8.7 versus 9.27 months, HR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.06-4.12, p = 0.032).
Selected MMP SNPs were associated with survival and could be used as potential genetic biomarkers in MPM