Is extereme cytoreductive surgery beneficial to survival ın malignant peritoneal mesothelioma?

Acta Chirurgica Belgica 2024 February 14 [Link]

Murat Can Mollaoğlu, Ufuk Karabacak, Meriç Emre Bostancı, Turan Eray Seven, Kürşat Karadayı


Introduction: Malign peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is an uncommon disease that is difficult to treat. Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) are the gold standards for treating MPM. Sometimes extreme cytoreductive surgery (eCRS) is required to achieve complete cytoreduction, which is one of the most important prognostic factors. There is limited information in the literature about the contribution of eCRS in patients with MPM. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of eCRS on survival and perioperative outcomes.

Methods: The Department of Surgical Oncology at Cumhuriyet University database was retrospectively reviewed for MPM patients who underwent CRS-HIPEC between January 2004 and December 2018. Patients who underwent CRS-HIPEC were divided into eCRS and less extensive CRS (leCRS) groups. A resection of ≥5 organs or ≥3 small bowel anastomoses were defined as eCRS. Both groups were compared regarding survival, demographic information, and perioperative outcomes.

Results: A total of 31 patients were included. eCRS-HIPEC was used in 15 patients. Complete cytoreduction (CC score 0/1) was achieved in all 31 patients. Compared to leCRS, the eCRS group had a longer median length of stay, longer intensive care unit stay, a higher median peritoneal cancer index (PCI), higher intraoperative blood loss, more frequent occurrence of any complication, and a longer operative time (all p values < 0.001). Clavien Dindo 3-4 complications, ASA, and gender were similar in both groups of patients (p > 0.05). It was found that there was no significant difference between the OS of the eCRS and leCRS groups (37.5 vs. 42.8 months, p = 0.895).

Conclusions: Rates of serious complications and morbidity are similar in patients undergoing eCRS compared to leCRS. In patients with high PCI and multiorgan involvement, complete cytoreduction can be achieved by performing eCRS, and survival results equivalent to those with low PCI can be achieved.