Impact of Combination Chemotherapy in Peritoneal Mesothelioma Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC): The RENAPE Study.

Annals of Surgical Oncology 2018 July 5 [Link]

Malgras B, Gayat E, Aoun O, Dico RL, Eveno C, Pautrat K, Delhorme JB, Passot G, Marchal F, Sgarbura O, Ferron G, Goéré D, Andre T, Pocard M


The introduction of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) improved the prognosis of selected patients with peritoneal mesothelioma (PM).
The objective of our study was to evaluate whether different HIPEC agents were associated with different outcomes in patients with PM.
From the RENAPE database, we selected all patients with histology-proven PM who underwent CRS + HIPEC from 1989 to 2014. Inclusion criteria were age ≤ 80 years, performance status ≤ 2, and no extraperitoneal metastases.
Overall, 249 patients underwent CRS + HIPEC for PM. The HIPEC regimen included five chemotherapeutic agents (CAs), consisting of cisplatin, doxorubicin, mitomycin-C, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. When considering all CAs (alone or in combination), there was no significant statistical difference in regard to postoperative overall survival (OS). However, OS was better when using two CAs (group 2 drugs) versus one CA (group 1 drug) (p = 0.03). The different CA regimens were equally distributed between the two groups. This association between OS and HIPEC agent, as well as a trend for better progression-free survival, were both observed in the two-drug group versus the one-drug group (p = 0.009) for patients undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery (CC-0) with an epithelioid subtype.
This large study seems to show improved OS when combined CAs, especially with platinum-based regimens, are used for HIPEC in patients with PM, but needs to be confirmed by a randomized controlled trial.