Histopathological typing in diffuse malignant epithelioid mesothelioma: implication for prognosis and molecular basis

Pathology 2021 May 6 [Link]

Fabien Forest, David Laville, Cyril Habougit, Margot Corbasson, Sophie Bayle-Bleuez, Claire Tissot, Pierre Fournel, Olivier Tiffet, Michel Péoc’h


The prognostic impact of tumour grading, cytological and architectural patterns and stromal features in diffuse pleural malignant epithelioid mesothelioma (MEM) has been partly studied but not correlated to molecular features. We performed a retrospective study on 92 MEM in our department in order to assess the prognostic role of architectural and stromal patterns, especially tumour to stroma ratio. Secondly, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we analysed the differentially expressed genes in prognostic groups of interest. Our results showed that tumour grading, tumour to stroma ratio and predominant pattern were related to overall survival, p≤0.001, p=0.01 and p=0.001, respectively. In univariate analysis, for high grade tumours hazard ratio (HR) was 4.75 (2.47-9.16), for stroma poor tumours HR=0.016, for predominant tubular or tubulopapillary pattern HR=0.044. In multivariate analysis, high grade tumours were related to overall survival [HR=3.09 (1.50-6.35), p=0.002] and predominant tubular or tubulopapillary pattern [HR=0.56 (0.32-0.99), p=0.045]. In TCGA analysis, after grading of diagnostic slides, we showed that KRTDAP and CXRCR1 expression was higher in low grade tumours, unlike PDZD7 and GPR176 expression which was higher in high grade tumours. FAM81B had a higher expression in stroma poor tumours. We did not find any differentially expressed genes in the architectural patterns group. Our work suggests that tumour grading is an important parameter in MEM with an underlying genomic basis. The role of tumour to stroma ratio needs to be investigated and might also have a genomic basis.