Clinical Oncology 2021 August 12 [Link]

T Müdder, G R Sarria, C Henkenberens, J Holz, S Garbe, F Röhner, S Stumpf, T Buchstab, F A Giordano, C Leitzen

Abstract

Aims: To carry out a dosimetric comparison and constraints feasibility proof of adjuvant radiotherapy through helical tomotherapy or volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for malignant pleural mesothelioma patients after pleurectomy/decortication.

Materials and methods: Retrospective calculations were carried out on previously acquired simulations. A whole-pleura volume with 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions was prescribed, simulating a no residual tumour situation. Calculations were carried out using an anisotropic analytical algorithm with a 2.0 mm grid. Beam-on time, planning target volume (PTV) coverage, homogeneity index and organ at risk exposure were compared.

Results: Sixteen patient plans were calculated per device. Constraints were met overall by both modalities. For helical tomotherapy and VMAT plans, median beam-on times were 13.8 (11.6-16.1) min and 6.4 (6.1-7.0) min; P = 0.006. The median left-sided radiotherapy PTV D98 were 48.1 (48.0-48.8) Gy and 47.6 (46.5-48.3) Gy; P = 0.023. No significant difference for right-sided radiotherapy was found. PTV D2 for left-sided radiotherapy was higher with VMAT (P = 0.014). For right-sided radiotherapy, helical tomotherapy showed higher doses (P = 0.039). No homogeneity index differences for left-sided radiotherapy (P = 1.00) and right-sided radiotherapy (P = 0.598) were seen. Significant organ at risk exposure differences were found on left-sided radiotherapy whole-lung V20, as well as D50 (both P = 0.008). Higher contralateral lung and ipsilateral kidney exposures were found with VMAT plans for both treatment sides.

Conclusion: Adjuvant radiotherapy after pleurectomy/decortication in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients, with a VMAT- or helical tomotherapy-based platform, is dosimetrically feasible. Lung sparing was mostly improved with helical tomotherapy. Technique selection must be carried out according to availability and clinical criteria.