[Diffuse Intraparenchymal Mesothelioma: An Atypical Presentation].

Acta Medica Portuguesa 2020 February 3 [Link]

Pais A, Pinto N, Cardoso J, Fernandes M, Coutinho AI, Oliveira AS, Carvalho L, Bárbara C


Pleural mesothelioma is a disease associated with exposure to asbestos. Although rare, it is the most common malignant pleural neoplasm. It is difficult to diagnose and it has a poor prognosis. We report the case of a 62-year-old male patient with a history of prolonged occupational exposure to asbestos, with dyspnea for minor exertion and productive cough, for several months. Imaging studies revealed extensive interstitial involvement with marked thickening of the interlobular and centrilobular septa and tenuous pleural involvement. Several differential diagnoses were considered such as, asbestosis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, pleuropulmonary metastases, and/or bronchopulmonary infection, but the histological and immunohistochemical results were compatible with pleural mesothelioma – a rare malignant neoplasm, with pleural origin, with a high mortality rate.