Diagnostic and prognostic utilities of humoral fibulin-3 in malignant pleural mesothelioma: Evidence from a meta-analysis

Oncotarget 2017 January 18 [Epub ahead of print] [Link]

Pei D1, Li Y, Liu X, Yan S, Guo X, Xu X, Guo X


Fibulin-3 has emerged as a promising novel biomarker in conforming or monitoring malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic efficacies of humoral fibulin-3 for MPM. Seven eligible publications comprising 468 MPM cases for diagnosis, and 138 for prognosis were identified. Results manifested that humoral fibulin-3 sustained a pooled sensitivity of 0.62 (95% CI: 0.45-0.77) and specificity of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.73-0.89) in discriminating MPM patients from cancer-free individuals, corresponding to an AUC (area under the curve) of 0.81. For the survival analysis, fibulin-3 expression was not markedly associated with overall survival (OS) time of the MPM patients [HR (hazard ratio): 1.84, 95% CI: 0.75-4.56, P = 0.185]. In the subgroup analyses stratified by test matrix and ethnicity, data revealed that serum-based fibulin-3 examination achieved superior accuracy than plasma-based analysis (sensitivity: 0.77 versus 0.54; specificity: 0.85 versus 0.77; AUC: 0.92 versus 0.69); additionally, testing of fibulin-3 in Europeans retained higher efficacy than those in Americans and Australians. Taken together, fibulin-3 confers a relatively high diagnostic efficacy and is acceptable to be an auxiliary biomarker to aid in MPM identification.