CAR T-cell therapy for pleural mesothelioma: Rationale, preclinical development, and clinical trials

Lung Cancer 2021 May 5 [Link]

Navin K Chintala, David Restle, Hue Quach, Jasmeen Saini, Rebecca Bellis, Michael Offin, Jason Beattie, Prasad S Adusumilli


The aim of adoptive T-cell therapy is to promote tumor-infiltrating immune cells following the transfer of either tumor-harvested or genetically engineered T lymphocytes. A new chapter in adoptive T-cell therapy began with the success of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. T cells harvested from peripheral blood are transduced with genetically engineered CARs that render the ability to recognize cancer cell-surface antigen and lyse cancer cells. The successes in CAR T-cell therapy for B-cell leukemia and lymphoma have led to efforts to expand this therapy to solid tumors. Herein, we discuss the rationale behind the preclinical development and clinical trials of T-cell therapies in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. Furthermore, we highlight the ongoing investigation of combination immunotherapy strategies to synergistically potentiate endogenous as well as adoptively transferred immunity.