A Canadian single-centre experience with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for abdominal malignancies

Canadian Journal of Surgery 2022 May 17 [Link]

Rami Nassabein, Rami Younan, Rasmy Loungarath, Frederic Mercier, Francois Dagbert, Francine Aubin, Jean Pierre Ayoub, Mustapha Tehfé


Background: Cytoreductive surgery in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) has recently shown promise for the treatment of patients with various types of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). However, it is an extensive procedure that is associated with a variety of morbidities. We evaluated the safety and clinical outcomes of CRS-HIPEC performed at our centre.

Methods: Patients with abdominal malignancies who underwent CRS-HIPEC between February 2005 and December 2018 at the Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CHUM) were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: A total of 141 patients were identified (66 with appendiceal cancer, 62 with colorectal cancer, 10 with mesothelioma and 3 with small intestinal tumours). The median age was 55 years. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached for patients with appendiceal tumours; it was 38.3 months for colorectal cancers. Among patients with colorectal cancer, survival was significantly better for those who received intraperitoneal HIPEC with oxaliplatin (74.9 mo) compared with mitomycin C (29.1 mo) (p = 0.006). Complete cytoreductive surgery and low peritoneal carcinomatosis index were associated with the highest overall survival in patients with appendiceal tumours and those with colorectal tumours.

Conclusion: CRS-HIPEC can be performed with acceptable morbidity in patients with PC. These results validate the outcomes of previously reported trials, but further prospective trials are warranted to determine which patients will most benefit from the addition of HIPEC to CRS.