Pharmacokinetic evaluation of intrapleural perfusion with hyperthermic chemotherapy using cisplatin in patients with malignant pleural effusion

Lung Cancer (Netherlands) 2017 February [Epub 2016 December 21] [Link]

Sakaguchi H, Ishida H, Nitanda H, Yamazaki N, Kaneko K, Kobayashi K


Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) has a poor prognosis. Most patients are treated with tube thoracostomy and sclerotherapy, although its success rate is around 64%. We have investigated intrapleural perfusion with hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) using cisplatin in a study with a pharmacokinetic evaluation.
Patients with MPE, performance status of 0-1, possibility of good lung expansion and Cr<1.2mg/dL were treated with IPHC. The circuit was filled with 2000mL of normal saline containing cisplatin at a dose of 80mg/m2. Under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, the thoracic cavity was filled and perfused at a speed of approximately 1L/min at a temperature of 43°C for 1h. Perfusion solution and plasma samples were periodically collected, and concentrations of protein-unbound (free) platinum, which was the active derivative of cisplatin, and total platinum were determined by flameless atomic absorption spectrometry. RESULTS: Twenty patients with MPE (8 lung cancers, 7 mesotheliomas, and 5 others) were enrolled in this study. Rate of free platinum concentration relative to total platinum concentration in perfusion solution after 1hr IPHC at 43°C was 61.1±12.9%. Area under curve (AUC) of free platinum in the pleural space was calculated to be 26.3μg/mLxh, resulting in complete control of pleural effusion for 3 months after IHPC in all cases (95% confidence interval: 83-100%). While, absorption rate of total platinum from the pleural space was 33.8±17.0% (27.4±13.6mg/m2), and the maximum concentration of total platinum in serum was low, 0.66±0.31μg/mL, resulting in controllable side effects; grade 1 renal toxicity: 6 patients, grade 1 emesis: 7 patients. CONCLUSIONS: IPHC with cisplatin showed favorable pharmacokinetic profiles for an optional treatment to control malignant pleural effusion.