Micro-Fragmented Fat Inhibits the Progression of Human Mesothelioma Xenografts in Mice
Current Cancer Drug Targets 2023 February 1 [Link]
Silvia La Monica, Valentina Coccé, Mara Bonelli, Giulio Alessandri, Roberta Alfieri, Costanza Annamaria Lagrasta, Caterina Frati, Lisa Flammini, Aldo Gianni, Francesco Petrella, Francesca Paino, Augusto Pessina
Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a pathology with no effective therapy and a poor prognosis. Our previous study demonstrated an in vitro inhibitory effect on mesothelioma cell lines of both the lysate and secretome of adipose tissue-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells. The inhibitory activity on tumor growth has been demonstrated also in vivo: five million Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, injected “in situ”, produced a significant therapeutic efficacy against MSTO-211H xenograft equivalent to that observed after the systemic administration of paclitaxel.
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of less (half a million) Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and micro-fragmented adipose tissues (the biological tissue from which the Mesenchymal Stromal Cells were isolated) on mesothelioma cells growth.
Methods: Tumor cells growth inhibition was evaluated in vitro and in a xenograft model of mesothelioma.
Results: The inhibitory effect of micro-fragmented fat from adipose-tissue has been firstly confirmed in vitro on MSTO-211H cell growth. Then the efficacy against the growth of mesothelioma xenografts in mice of both micro-fragmented fat and low amount of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells has been evaluated. Our results confirmed that both Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and micro-fragmented fat, injected “in situ”, did not stimulate mesothelioma cell growth. By contrast, micro-fragmented fat produced a significant inhibition of tumor growth and progression, comparable to that observed by the treatment with paclitaxel. Low amount of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells exerted only a little anticancer activity.
Conclusion: Micro-fragmented fat inhibited mesothelioma cell proliferation in vitro and exerted a significant control of the mesothelioma xenograft growth in vivo.