Isolated BAP1 Genomic Alteration in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Predicts Distinct Immunogenicity with Implications for Immunotherapeutic Response

Cancers 2022 November 16 [Link]

Hatice Ulku Osmanbeyoglu, Drake Palmer, April Sagan, Eleonora Sementino, Michael J Becich, Joseph R Testa


Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), an aggressive cancer of the mesothelial cells lining the pleural cavity, lacks effective treatments. Multiple somatic mutations and copy number losses in tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) BAP1, CDKN2A/B, and NF2 are frequently associated with MPM. The impact of single versus multiple genomic alterations of TSG on MPM biology, the immune tumor microenvironment, clinical outcomes, and treatment responses are unknown. Tumors with genomic alterations in BAP1 alone were associated with a longer overall patient survival rate compared to tumors with CDKN2A/B and/or NF2 alterations with or without BAP1 and formed a distinct immunogenic subtype with altered transcription factor and pathway activity patterns. CDKN2A/B genomic alterations consistently contributed to an adverse clinical outcome. Since the genomic alterations of only BAP1 was associated with the PD-1 therapy response signature and higher LAG3 and VISTA gene expression, it might be a candidate marker for immune checkpoint blockade therapy. Our results on the impact of TSG genotypes on MPM and the correlations between TSG alterations and molecular pathways provide a foundation for developing individualized MPM therapies.