Does hyperthermic povidone-iodine lavage increase the apoptotic rate of residual cancer cell in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma?-a prospective pilot study

Translational Lung Cancer Research 2023 July 31 [Link]

Andrea Bille, Hiral Jhala, Leanne Ashrafian, Leanne Allison, Matthew Russell, Roland Fleck, Daisuke Nonaka


Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an incurable, late presenting primary cancer, conferring a survival of 8-14 months. Different intrapleural treatments have been tested as part of a multimodality approach to treat a select group of patients with limited disease, increasing survival. Recently, povidone-iodine has been shown to induce apoptosis in microscopic tumour cells in vitro, with no reported complications. This is the first in vivo study assessing the apoptotic rate caused by intraoperative hyperthermic betadine lavage using routine immunohistochemistry combined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Methods: We included surgically fit patients aged >18, undergoing minimally invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) pleural biopsy between December 2016 and February 2018, for confirmed or presumed pleural malignancy. Parietal pleural biopsies were obtained at 7.5, 15 and 30 minutes after hyperthermic betadine lavage, and compared to pre-lavage biopsy samples, for apoptotic changes. Viable tumour samples underwent histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis as well as TEM for features of apoptosis.

Results: N=6. Median age was 76 years. Median overall survival was 26.7 months. There was no statistical impact on survival of side of disease (left vs. right). There was no significant difference in expressions of markers of apoptotic index pre and post betadine treatment upon immunohistochemical analysis. There was no discernible effect on morphological features of apoptosis seen with betadine treatment, on TEM analysis. No side effects were identified post betadine lavage.

Conclusions: Although hyperthermic betadine lavage is a safe antiseptic solution with no toxicity when performed intraoperatively, it confers no effect on apoptotic rate or necrosis. It is therefore unlikely that hyperthermic betadine lavage will have an impact on reducing the microscopic residual disease after pleurectomy decortication and enhancing survival.