High-dose IV magnesium in mesothelioma patients receiving surgery with hyperthermic intraoperative cisplatin: Pilot studies and design of a phase II randomized clinical trial

Journal of Surgical Oncology 2023 September 13 [Link]

Shruti Gupta, Sophia L Wells, Arunima M Jose, Robert H Seitter, Lea Feghali, Nishant Devaraj, Philip M Hartigan, Stephanie Yacoubian, David J Kwiatkowski, Donna M Burke, Julianne Barlow, Raphael Bueno, David E Leaf


Introduction: Hyperthermic intraoperative cisplatin (HIOC) is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). Administration of high-dose magnesium attenuates cisplatin-induced AKI (CP-AKI) in animal models but has not been rigorously examined in humans.

Methods: We tested the feasibility and safety of different doses of magnesium in mesothelioma patients receiving HIOC. In Pilot Study 1, we administered a 36-h continuous infusion of magnesium at 0.5 g/h, targeting serum magnesium levels between 3 and 4.8 mg/dL. In Pilot Study 2A, we administered a 6 g bolus followed by an infusion starting at 2 g/h, titrated to achieve levels between 4 and 6 mg/dL. We eliminated the bolus in Pilot Study 2B.

Results: In Pilot Study 1, all five patients enrolled completed the study; however, median postoperative Mg levels were only 2.4 mg/dL. In Pilot Study 2A, two of four patients (50%) were withdrawn due to bradycardia during the bolus. In Pilot Study 2B, two patients completed the study whereas two developed postoperative bradycardia attributed to the magnesium.

Conclusions: A 0.5 g/h infusion for 36 h did not achieve therapeutic magnesium levels, while an infusion at 2 g/h was associated with bradycardia. These studies informed the design of a randomized clinical trial testing whether intravenously Mg attenuates HIOC-associated AKI.