Current Problems in Cardiology 2022 August 22 [Link]

Qiang Li, Zhiyan Qin, Dandan Sun, Ni Jiao, Huihui Zhang, Ying Li, Mingming Xiao, Mingyan Ding, Fang Zhu

Abstract

Diffuse primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PMPM) is an extremely rare and highly invasive tumor of pericardium. The tumor can infiltrate myocardium in part of cases, and will contribute to grave prognosis. Herein, we reported a 58-year-old man of diffuse PMPM with myocardial involvement, and summarized 39 cases of diffuse PMPM. Multimodal echocardiography, which combined conventional, tissue Doppler and speckle tracking echocardiography, was applied to diagnose diffuse PMPM with myocardial involvement, and assess the myocardial function. The common features were pericardial effusion, pericardial masses and thickened pericardium. The other echocardiographyic characteristics were extensive and heterogenous echo, adhesion with pericardium and myocardium, reduced motion of adhered myocardium, and constriction performance. Diffuse PMPM with myocardial involvement revealed decreased LV diastolic function, and decreased LV and RV systolic function. Especially in systolic function, the unique strain features were reduced longitudinal strains from segmental to global and from epicardial to endocardial, relative ‘septal sparing’ pattern, and decreased transmural gradient of longitudinal strain. Our findings suggested that multimodal echocardiography not only can identify this disease, but also can provide detailed information of myocardial dysfunction, which provides a reference for clinicians to develop an optimal individualized treatment.