Epigenomics 2016 May 17 [Epub ahead of print] [Link]
Reid G1, Kao SC, Pavlakis N, Brahmbhatt H, MacDiarmid J, Clarke S, Boyer M, van Zandwijk N.
miRNAs are responsible for post-transcriptional control of gene expression, and are frequently downregulated in cancer. It has become well established that restoring miRNA levels can inhibit tumor growth, and many studies have demonstrated this in preclinical models. This in turn has led to the first clinical trials of miRNA replacement therapy. This special report focuses on the development of TargomiRs – miRNA mimics delivered by targeted bacterial minicells – and the very first clinical experience of a miRNA replacement therapy in thoracic cancer patients in the Phase I MesomiR-1 trial.