Acta Chirurgica Belgica 2022 March 28 [Link]

Brecht Chys, Nico De Graeve, Luc Merckx

Abstract

Well differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM) is a rare entity making up 0.3-5% of all mesothelioma cases, while manifestations of the tunica vaginalis are even more uncommon. Literature on WDPM is scarce and our understanding is rather limited. Cellular architecture, stromal invasion, mitotic activity and immunohistochemical markers are used to distinguish well differentiated entities from more malignant subspecies. These cases confront both pathologists and clinicians with a hefty diagnostic challenge. Although no paratesticular WDPM specific mortality has been reported, the prognosis of a malignant mesothelioma is very poor. A correct diagnosis is therefore of the utmost importance. In this paper we provide an overview on the diagnosis and differentiation of mesotheliomas of the tunica vaginalis. Furthermore, we highlight pitfalls and build up a recommended therapeutic strategy.