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Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Moderately Hypofractionated Helical IMRT, FDG-PET/CT-guided, for Progressive Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma in Patients With Intact Lungs.

Clinical Lung Cancer 2018 September 3 [Link]

Fodor A, Broggi S, Incerti E, Dell’Oca I, Fiorino C, Samanes Gajate AM, Pasetti M, Cattaneo MG, Passoni P, Gianolli L, Calandrino R, Picchio M,Abstract

INTRODUCTION:
The objective of this study was to present the outcomes of moderately hypofractionated helical intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HT) with/without simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) on fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) positive areas (gross tumor volume [GTV]-PET) for patients with progressive malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) after previous treatments.
METHODS AND MATERIALS:
From May 2006 to April 2014, 51 patients with a median age of 68.8 years (range, 38.6-82 years) were treated. There were 41 men and 10 women; 43 epithelioid MPM and 8 sarcomatoid, involving the left pleura in 25 patients and the right pleura in 26 patients. The initial stage was: I, 11 patients; II, 14 patients; III, 17 patients; and IV, 9 patients. Chemotherapy was prescribed for 46 patients, for 6 cycles (range, 0-18 cycles). Eighteen patients had pleurectomy/decortication, and 33 had talc pleurodesis. FDG-PET was used for target identification. A median dose of 56 Gy/25 fractions was prescribed to the involved pleura, and SIB to 62.5 Gy to GTV-PET was added in 38 patients.
RESULTS:
The median survival from diagnosis was 25.8 months (range, 8.4-99.0 months). One patient, treated with SIB, was alive at the October 2017 follow-up. Two cases of grade 5 radiation pneumonitis were registered. A GTV-PET ≤ 205 cc was predictive of late ≥ grade 2 lung toxicity, but also of better survival in stage III and IV disease: 5.9 versus 11.7 months (P = .04). A GTV-PET ≥ 473 cc was predictive of early death (P = .001).
CONCLUSIONS:
Moderately hypofractionated, FDG-PET guided salvage HT in patients with progressive MPM after previous treatments showed acceptable toxicity and outcome results similar to adjuvant radiotherapy after pleurectomy/decortication, suggesting that the delay of radiotherapy is not detrimental to survival, and has the associated benefit of postponing inherent toxicity. Di Muzio N

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