MesotheliomaCenter's

Mesothelioma-Line

Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Dynamic contrast-enhanced CT for the assessment of tumour response in malignant pleural mesothelioma: a pilot study.

European Radiology 2018 July 2 [Link]

Gudmundsson E, Labby Z, Straus CM, Sensakovic WF, Li F, Rose B, Cunliffe A, Kindler HL, Armato SG

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the utility of haemodynamic parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (DCE-CT) scans in the assessment of tumour response to treatment in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients.
METHODS:
The patient cohort included nine patients undergoing chemotherapy and five patients on observation. Each patient underwent two DCE-CT scans separated by approximately 2 months. The DCE-CT parameters of tissue blood flow (BF) and tissue blood volume (BV) were obtained within the dynamically imaged tumour. Mean relative changes in tumour DCE-CT parameters between scans were compared between the on-treatment and on-observation cohorts. DCE-CT parameter changes were correlated with relative change in tumour bulk evaluated according to the modified RECIST protocol.
RESULTS:
Differing trends in relative change in BF and BV between scans were found between the two patient groups (p = 0.19 and p = 0.06 for BF and BV, respectively). No significant rank correlations were found when comparing relative changes in DCE-CT parameters with relative change in tumour bulk.
CONCLUSIONS:
Differing trends in the relative change of BF and BV between patients on treatment and on observation indicate the potential of DCE-CT for the assessment of pharmacodynamic endpoints with respect to treatment in MPM. A future study with a larger patient cohort and unified treatment regimens should be undertaken to confirm the results of this pilot study.
KEY POINTS:
• CT-derived haemodynamic parameters show differing trends between malignant pleural mesothelioma patients on treatment and patients off treatment • Changes in haemodynamic parameters do not correlate with changes in tumour bulk as measured according to the modified RECIST protocol • Differing trends across the two patient groups indicate the potential sensitivity of DCE-CT to assess pharmacodynamic endpoints in the treatment of MPM.

Both comments and trackbacks are currently closed.