Large primary pleural synovial sarcoma with severe dyspnea: a case report
Surgical Case Reports [Epub 2017 February 15] [Link]
Yamaki M, Yonehara S, Noriyuki T
Synovial sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of soft tissues. It occurs mainly in the extremities and is closely related to tendons, tendon sheaths, and bursal structures. Primary synovial sarcoma of the pleura and lungs is extremely rare.
We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a large synovial sarcoma of the left pleura. He presented with general fatigue and severe dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 20-cm tumor in the left thoracic cavity. We first diagnosed the tumor as a sarcomatoid mesothelioma based on CT-guided needle biopsy. We speculated that his severe dyspnea was because of ventilation-perfusion mismatch due to the left pulmonary collapse. Furthermore, we thought that there was a discrepancy between the CT findings and the pathological findings from the biopsy specimen. We performed pleuropneumonectomy through an anterior approach with median sternotomy and 5th-intercostal thoracotomy. The resected specimen contained a 22-cm pleural tumor with parenchymatous hemorrhage. We diagnosed the tumor as monophasic synovial sarcoma based on its morphologic and immunohistochemical features. We suspected there was microscopic residual tumor in the left diaphragm and therefore performed radiation therapy. After radiotherapy, he received adjuvant chemotherapy with ifosfamide and Adriamycin. One year after surgery, the patient is alive with no signs of tumor recurrence.
We report a case of a large synovial sarcoma of the pleura in a patient with severe dyspnea. He was treated with pleuropneumonectomy, radiotherapy, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Although the best treatment for this rare condition has not been defined, we thought that tumor resection and adjuvant therapy were appropriate to control the disease in this case.
February 17, 2017
- adjuvant therapy
- (add-joo-vunt) treatment used in addition to the main treatment. It usually refers to hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, or radiation added after surgery to increase the chances of curing the disease or keeping it in check.
- (buy-op-see) the removal of a sample of tissue to see whether cancer cells are present. There are several kinds of biopsies. In some, a very thin needle is used to draw fluid and cells from a lump. In a core biopsy, a larger needle is used to remove more tissue.
- (key-mo-THER-uh-pee) treatment with drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often used with surgery or radiation to treat cancer when the cancer has spread, when it has come back (recurred), or when there is a strong chance that it could recur.
- a tumor derived from mesothelial tissue, such as the peritoneum (lining the abdomen) or pleura (lining the lungs). More on mesothelioma.
- needle biopsy
- removal of fluid, cells, or tissue with a needle for examination under a microscope. There are two types
- (nee-o-plas-um) an abnormal growth (tumor) that starts from a single altered cell; a neoplasm may be benign or malignant. Cancer is a malignant neoplasm.
- (pler-uh) the membrane around the lungs and lining of the chest cavity. (Pleural mesothelioma.)
- radiation therapy
- treatment with radiation to destroy cancer cells. This type of treatment may be used to reduce the size of a cancer before surgery, to destroy any remaining cancer cells after surgery, or, in some cases, as the main treatment.
- cancer that has come back after treatment. Local recurrence is when the cancer comes back at the same place as the original cancer. Regional recurrence is when the cancer appears in the lymph nodes near the first site. Distant recurrence is when it appears in organs or tissues (such as the lungs, liver, bone marrow, or brain) farther from the original site than the regional lymph nodes. Metastasis means that the disease has recurred at a distant site.
- surgery to remove part or all of an organ or other structure.
- (sar-co-muh) a malignant tumor growing from connective tissues, such as cartilage, fat, muscle, or bone.
- any of the measures taken to treat a disease. Unproven therapy is any therapy that has not been scientifically tested and approved. Use of an unproven therapy instead of standard (proven) therapy is called alternative therapy. Some alternative therapies have dangerous or even life-threatening side effects. For others, the main danger is that a patient may lose the opportunity to benefit from standard therapy. Complementary therapy, on the other hand, refers to therapies used in addition to standard therapy. Some complementary therapies may help relieve certain symptoms of cancer, relieve side effects of standard cancer therapy, or improve a patient's sense of well-being. The ACS recommends that patients considering use of any alternative or complementary therapy discuss this with their health care team.
- an abnormal lump or mass of tissue. Tumors can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).