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Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Tumoral CD10 Expression Correlates with Aggressive Histology and Prognosis in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Annals of Surgical Oncology 2015 January 22 [Epub ahead of print] [Link]

Kadota K, Villena-Vargas J, Nitadori JI, Sima CS, Jones DR, Travis WD, Adusumilli PS.

Abstract

Background

Currently, tumor-node-metastasis stage and histologic type are the established prognostic factors for malignant pleural mesothelioma, whereas no prognostic markers have been established for clinical practice. We investigated the prognostic value of CD10, a metalloproteinase that can promote cancer aggressiveness through enzymatic degradation and intracellular signaling crosstalk, in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Methods

CD10 immunostaining was performed for 176 cases of malignant pleural mesothelioma (epithelioid, 148; biphasic, 14; sarcomatoid, 14), and its expression was dichotomized as negative (no staining) or positive (any staining). Epithelioid tumors were classified as pleomorphic subtype when cytologic pleomorphism was ≥10 % of the tumor. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed by log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazard models.

Results

Tumoral CD10 expression was identified in 42 % of epithelioid non-pleomorphic tumors, 57 % of epithelioid pleomorphic tumors, 79 % of biphasic tumors, and 93 % of sarcomatoid tumors (p < 0.001). Positive CD10 expression was correlated with higher mitotic count (p = 0.002). Overall survival for patients with positive CD10 expression was significantly shorter than that for patients with negative CD10 expression in all patients (p = 0.001) and in patients with epithelioid tumor (p = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, CD10 expression was an independent prognostic factor for all patients (hazard ratio 1.48; p = 0.019).

Conclusions

Tumoral CD10 expression correlated with aggressive histologic types and higher mitotic activity and is an independent prognostic factor for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.

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