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Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Mesothelin in Serum and Pleural Effusion in the Diagnosis of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma with Non-positive Cytology

Anticancer Research 2014 December [Link]

Franceschini MC, Ferro P, Canessa PA, Battolla E, Dessanti P, Valentino A, Casolari L, Fontana V, Pezzi R, Fedeli F, Pistillo MP, Roncella S.

Abstract

Background/Aim

Mesothelin (SMRP) is regarded as a biomarker of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Herein, we analyzed the contribution of SMRP detection in pleural effusion and in serum to the diagnosis of MPM with non-positive cytology.

Materials and Methods

The present study included 52 cases of MPM, 43 of pleural benign lesions and 25 of non-MPM pleural metastases. SMRP was measured by MesoMark ELISA (Cis-Bio International Gif/Yvette; France).

Results

In non-positive cytology, effusion-SMRP showed higher diagnostic performance than serum-SMRP. We found 38 out of 52 (73.1%) cases of non-positive cytology MPM, out of which 27 (71.0%) were positive for effusion-SMRP (cut-off=12.70 nM) and 18 (47.4%) for serum-SMRP (cut-off=1.08 nM). When cytology, effusion- and serum-SMRP were used in combination, an overall sensitivity in detection of MPM of 78.9% was achieved. The same sensitivity was obtained by combining cytology with effusion-SMRP alone, whereas the combination of serum-SMRP with cytology led to a sensitivity of 61.5%.

Conclusion

Detection of both effusion- and serum-SMRP can contribute to improve the diagnosis of MPM with non-positive cytology. However, the analysis of SMRP in effusion makes it unnecessary to test SMRP in the serum.

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