MesotheliomaCenter's

Mesothelioma-Line

Curated Journal Articles on Mesothelioma

Diagnostic and prognostic role of the insulin growth factor pathway members insulin-like growth factor-II and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 in serous effusions

Human Pathology. 2009 Apr;40(4):527-37. Epub 2009 Jan 3. [Link]

Ana Slipicevic, MSca, Geir Frode Øy, MScb, Inger Cecilie Askildt, BSca, Arild Holth, BSca, Ellen Hellesylt, BSca, Vivi Ann Flørenes, PhDa, Ben Davidson, MD, PhD

Division of Pathology, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Rikshospitalet Medical Center, N-0310 Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

We recently reported on higher expression of the insulin-like growth factor pathway genes IGF-II and IGFBP3 in serous ovarian/peritoneal carcinoma compared to malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. The present study analyzed the diagnostic and clinical role of these proteins in serous effusions. Effusions (n = 327), including 294 carcinomas (205 ovarian, 48 breast, 17 cervical/endometrial, 12 lung, 12 gastrointestinal/genitourinary) and 33 malignant mesotheliomas, were immunostained for insulin-like growth factor-II and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3. Surgical ovarian carcinoma (n = 124) and peritoneal mesothelioma (n = 18) specimens were additionally studied. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 levels were measured in 148 effusion supernatants (114 ovarian carcinomas, 18 breast carcinomas, 16 mesotheliomas) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 promoter methylation was analyzed in 11 ovarian carcinoma effusions. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (P = .002) and insulin-like growth factor-II (P < .001) expression by immunohistochemistry was significantly higher in carcinomas compared to mesotheliomas, with diagnostic sensitivity of 77% and 70% and specificity of 55% and 70%, respectively. In surgical specimens, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 expression was higher in ovarian carcinomas compared to peritoneal mesotheliomas (P = .007), whereas insulin-like growth factor-II expression was comparable (P = .505). Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were comparable in the 3 analyzed cancer types. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 promoter methylation was found in 6 of 11 effusions. High insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 expression in prechemotherapy and high insulin-like growth factor-II expression in postchemotherapy ovarian carcinoma effusions correlated with poor overall survival (P = .031 and P = .024, respectively). Insulin-like growth factor-II expression in postchemotherapy effusions was an independent prognostic factor in Cox multivariate analysis (P = .04). In conclusion, insulin-like growth factor-II and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 are more frequently expressed in metastatic carcinomas compared to mesothelioma in effusions but are less specific than currently used markers. Insulin-like growth factor-II and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 may be novel prognostic markers in metastatic ovarian carcinoma.

Keywords: Insulin-like growth factor, Effusions, Carcinoma, Mesothelioma, Survival

Both comments and trackbacks are currently closed.